High Blood Pressure is often called a “silent killer”, due to generally having no symptoms. But what does it mean to have high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is when the following two items happen:
High blood pressure is harmful to the body because it causes the heart to work harder and faster than normal. When the heart is over-worked for extended periods of time, the heart tends to enlarge and weaken. Arteries also suffer becoming scarred, hardened and less elastic over time. Both leaving the heart and arteries more prone to injury, including an increased the risk of heart attack, stroke, damage to the eyes, kidney failure, atherosclerosis and congestive heart failure.
High blood pressure combined with other risks, such as obesity, smoking, high blood cholesterol or diabetes greatly increases the risk for heart attack or stroke.
What does it mean when I have my blood pressure taken at the doctors office?
The systolic pressure is always stated first and blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury, or mm Hg. For example, a blood pressure reading of 120 over 80 means that your systolic pressure is 122 mm Hg and your diastolic pressure is 80 mm Hg.
What are the causes of high blood pressure?
According to the CDC, the cause of high blood pressure is largely unknown, although there are certain risk factors that increase an individual’s chance for developing high blood pressure:
If you have concerns about high blood pressure, make sure to make an appointment with your doctor to have you blood pressure checked, and to discuss treatment options if you do have high blood pressure.